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Concussions can present with a host of different symptoms. Some are physical symptoms (such as a headache or vision problems), while others are cognitive (feeling in a fog or visual perceptual challenges), others are emotional, and others can affect sleep. The multitude and variability of concussion symptoms make medical evaluation very important following a concussion.

Furthermore, since so much of the brain's wiring is dedicated to vision, it is very common for patient's to experience visual symptoms after experiencing a concussion, such as:
  • Double vision (overlapping images)
  • Poor visual tracking (skipping place while reading)
  • Focusing issues (vision may fluctuate in clarity at random)
  • Balance issues (visual-vestibular integration)

So, having a comprehensive visual examination following a concussion is of paramount importance. Also, recent research demonstrates that vision therapy is an important component for concussion rehabilitation.

Concussion Symptoms
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and please visit The Concussion Project
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury resulting from a violent shock or blow to skull which may or may not be accompanied with loss of consciousness. The vast majority of concussions do NOT result in a loss of consciousness, making diagnosis more challenging than previously thought. The majority of concussions result by blunt trauma, or a blow to the head. In children, the most common cause of concussions is sports, specifically contact sports such as football, soccer, lacrosse, and hockey. Concussions can also be caused by violent shaking of the head or upper body, so direct contact in the form of a "bump of the head" or "getting your bell rung" is not required to cause a concussion. In adults, motor vehicle accidents and falls are the most common causes of concussions.

  • It is estimated that 4-5 million concussions occur annually, making a concussion the most common type of traumatic brain injury.
  • Fewer than 10% of sports-related concussions have associated loss of consciousness.
  • A review article published in Pediatrics in 2010 has helped to dispel the myth that a loss of consciousness, or “blacking out”, is a required component of a concussion.
  • Having had one concussion makes you more susceptible to another
  • The increased risk of repeat concussions is one of the several reasons why the decision to return to play should be made with the athlete’s health care team.